Sciences Po

La Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques (Sciences Po) is a full-fledged, self-governing research university specialised in the social-economic sciences and the humanities. It enrols 13,000 students per year, out of which 46% are foreign students from more than 130 countries. Sciences Po is the leading research university in the social sciences in France with 60 full-time professors, more than 200 researchers, 80 foreign professors invited each year and 400 academic partnerships with universities around the world. Sciences Po is home to a doctoral school offering 7 graduate programmes (including media and journalism, as well as public policy) to around 400 Ph.D. students. Based on a multi-disciplinary approach, it contains ten research centres, five of which are closely linked to the National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS).
The Centre for Political Research at Sciences Po (CEVIPOF), a Sciences Po-CNRS joint research unit (UMR 7048), is a leading European research centre in social science. CEVIPOF’s purpose is to study political behaviour, forces and institutions as well as new trends and issues shaping political life. The centre is the home of the ‘baromètre du dialogue social’ and of the ‘baromètre de la confiance politique’. It regularly produces national and European election surveys, as well as surveys of French mayoral and regional elections. CEVIPOF has also stood out as the leading institution in France for the treatment and analysis of ESS data, and its archives contain 50 years’ worth of electoral documents and materials covering the Vth republic, as well as equally extensive thematic bibliographies of national elections and, imminently, for their local elections as well. Its experts constitute preeminent authorities on the Front National, as well as on gender, ethnicity, race, religion and the media in French and European politics.

Annabelle Lever is the Coordinator of the REDEM project. She is a Professor at the Institut des Etudes Politiques (SciencesPo), a Permanent Researcher at CEVIPOF, and an Associate Researcher within the Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire d’Evaluation des Politiques Publiques (LIEPP). She is co-editor of the Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy and member of the editorial boards of the European Journal of Political Theory and of Raisons Politiques. Since 2011, she serves as an Independent Ethics Expert for Research Executive Agency of the European Commission. She has held previous appointments with the University of Geneva, Harvard University, MIT, the University of Rochester (USA), the London School of Economics and Manchester University.
Areas of interest: She has published extensively on democratic politics and ethics (compulsory voting, the secret ballot, judicial review, juries, citizen participation in the rationing of healthcare, patenting of genes; democratic justification and the varieties of democracy and their significance for methodology); on privacy (including privacy and press freedom); sexual, racial and religious equality and security (ethics of counterterrorism; racial profiling).
Recent books: Ideas that Matter: Justice, Democracy, Rights, eds. D. Satz and A. Lever, (Oxford University Press, 2019); Routledge Handbook in Ethics and Public Policy, eds. A. Lever and A. Poama, (Routledge, 2018); New Perspectives in the Philosophy of Intellectual Property, ed. Annabelle Lever, (Cambridge University Press, 2012); On Privacy, (Routledge, 2011).

Martial Foucault is a Professor at the Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris (Sciences Po), Director of CEVIPOF, Co-Director and Research Chair on “Confiances” at the Ecole d’Affaires Publiques, and Associate Researcher within LIEPP. Between 2011 and 2013 he was the director of the European Center for Excellence within McGill University. Between 2006 and 2013 he was Associate Professor in the Political Science Department of the University of Montreal. He was the scientific director of the Enquête Electorale Française in 2017.
Areas: His research fields include abstention and political participation, social classes and socio-professional categories, the notion of economic crisis, political economy, political behaviour, public policies and statistical methods.
Publications: Martial is Associate Editor of the Canadian Public Policy journal and of French Politics. He has been asked to speak in various conferences on the topics of populism, European elections, economics of vote choice, electoral accountability. He received the 2016 Wilson Award for Best Paper Presented at the APSA Conference for his work on emotional voting behaviour.

Dan Grecu is responsible for the management of the REDEM project at Sciences Po Paris (CEVIPOF). A former Fulbright scholar in Artificial Intelligence, Dan has spent over a decade as a Principal Investigator in R&D projects funded by NASA, the US Air Force and other US government agencies. He has coordinated technology development efforts as part of projects funded by the European Commission and has contributed to the development of new machine learning technologies in the commercial sector. Over the past decade, he has been involved in supporting the research funding and management efforts of scientists, academic teams and innovative enterprises throughout Europe. He is also an external consultant on research ethics issues for the Directorate-General for Research and Innovation of the European Commission.


Aarhus School of Business and Social Science

With approximately 13,000 full-time students, nearly 2,000 part-time students, almost 250 PhD students and close to 600 faculty members, the Aarhus School of Business and Social Science (Aarhus BSS) of the University of Aarhus ranks among the largest business schools in Europe. Furthermore, it is the largest business and social sciences unit in Denmark at university level with a broad academic base, encompassing both traditional business disciplines and social science disciplines. The school is home to six academic departments (business development and technology, economics, law, management, political science, psychology), all internationally recognised for their quality of educational and research activities, as well as a large number of internationally recognised research centres. Gathering all business and social science disciplines under the same strategic framework has created a dynamic and visionary organisation, which is flexible and changes in line with the society's needs for qualified graduates with the right skillsets. Aarhus BSS holds the distinguished AACSB, AMBA and EQUIS accreditations, and is thereby a triple crown business school.

Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen is Professor of Political Theory at the University of Aarhus, Denmark and Professor II in Philosophy at the Arctic University of Norway-UiT. He is presently working on vote buying and the so-called demos problem in relation to determining who should be allowed to vote in specific elections. He was associate editor at Ethics (2008-2020) and was Chair of the Society for Applied Philosophy (2011-2014).
Recent books: Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen has published widely on issues in political philosophy. Recent books include: Making Sense of Affirmative Action (Oxford University Press, 2020), Relational Egalitarianism (Cambridge University Press, 2018), Luck Egalitarianism (Bloomsbury, 2015), and Born Free and Equal (Oxford University Press, 2013).

Andreas Albertsen is Associate Professor in the Political Science Department of Aarhus University, Denmark, and is also affiliated with its Center for the Experimental-Philosophical Study of Discrimination . He works in political theory and political philosophy. His research interests are distributive justice and political participation. His research on political participation focusses on Voting Advice Applications (VAA). It investigates both the effects of VAAs and the normative aspects of their importance for voters in modern elections.
Publications:Andreas Albertsen has published in the Political Research Quarterly, in Philosophy & Economics, and in Ethical Theory and Moral Practice.


University of Genoa

The University of Genoa (UNIGE) was founded in 1933 by royal decree but its history can be traced back several hundred years to at least the 14th century. The University is nowadays a teaching and research institution organized in 22 departments within 5 schools, 13 interuniversity research centres and 2 centres of excellence. Its educational programme is composed of 124 Bachelor and Master courses, 28 PhD courses divided into 92 curricula, 53 specialization schools, 27 level I and II university masters, 5 libraries. UNIGE is a public institution endowded with scientific, educational, organizational and financial autonomy, in which academics, students, administrative and technical staff participate in the development of an European area for research and advanced professional training.
UNIGE has a synergic collaboration with many national research organizations, innovative SMEs and industries which are located in Liguria and operate worldwide, such as the Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), and RINA Consulting amongst others, thus making Genoa highly attractive for the brightest researchers in a variety of scientific disciplines.

Valeria Ottonelli is a Professor of Political Philosophy at the University of Genoa, in the Department of Classics, Philosophy and History. Her main research interests focus on the normative theory of migration policies and on the normative theory of democratic institutions and participation. She is currently engaged in a research project on the virtue of political prudence in everyday democratic politics. She also coordinates a local branch of a national research project (funded by the Italian Ministry of University and Education) on the impact of fake news and misinformation on democratic legitimacy.
Publications: Valeria Ottonelli has published extensively on voting paradoxes and democratic legitimacy, the ethics of democratic participation and the practice of democratic deliberation. Her work has appeared in Political Theory, Political Studies, The Journal of Political Philosophy, Law, Ethics and Philosophy, Critical Review of Social and Political Philosophy, International Migration Review, Politics, Philosophy and Economics and Metaphilosophy.

Federico Zuolo is Assistant Professor in Political Philosophy at the University of Genoa. Before joining the Department of Classics, Philosophy and History in Genoa, he held positions in Pavia and Trento (Italy) and was Alexander von Humboldt Foundation Experienced Research Fellow at the University of Free University of Berlin and the University of Hamburg (2015-2017).
Areas: His main interests include animal ethics, public reason, toleration, respect and the basis of equality. His current interests concern the problem of animal ethics in a democratic perspective.
Publications: Federico has published papers on animal ethics (Animals, Utilitas, Social Theory and Practice, Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, International Journal of Philosophical Studies, Journal of Value Inquiry, The Ethics Forum, Encyclopaedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics), on issues of pluralism, toleration and respect (Journal of Applied Philosophy, Journal of Social Philosophy, European Journal of Political Theory), and on some issues in the history of philosophy (History of Political Thought). He has co-edited with G. Calder and M. Bessone How Groups Matter: Challenges of Toleration in Pluralistic Societies, Routledge 2014, as well as published an introductory monograph on animal ethics, Ethics and Animals. How we should treat them and why (in Italian, published with Il Mulino, 2018).

Mara Morini is an Assistant Professor (Hab. Associate Professor) in the Department of Political Science of the University of Genoa where she teaches Political Science, Comparative Politics, and Politics of Eastern Europe. She has been an Electoral Observer for the OSCE-ODIHR Mission to Russia (2003-2018) and Uzbekistan (2019). She was also elected in the Tizzano Val Parma municipal election(2009-2014). She is member of the Italian Political Science Association, and the Italian Electoral Studies Association, as well as a member of the Standing Group on Parties, Elections and Public Opinion of the Italian Political Science Association.
Areas: Mara's fields of research are Russian politics, democratizations in post-communist countries, populism, party politics, electoral marketing and political communication. Her current research deals with the emergence of different types of opposition in Russian politics and the Russian electoral parliamentary cycle.

Corrado Fumagalli is a Senior Researcher in Political Philosophy at the University of Genova. He is also one of the founders of A-id: Agenda for International Development. Prior to joining the University of Genova, Corrado was a Fulbright Research Scholar in the Political Science Department of Brown University and a Postdoctoral Researcher at LUISS-Guido Carli. He has held positions as a consultant and as a research associate with international organizations and UN agencies working on migration policy, such as IOM-China, IOM-Ethiopia, IOM-Gambia, and UNICEF-Bolivia.
Publications: Corrado has published on pluralism, inclusion/exclusion in democratic theory, and hate speech. His work appeared in journals such as the European Journal of Political Theory, Biblioteca della Libertà, Philosophy and Social Criticism, Public Administration and Development, Political Studies, and Representation.

Michele Giavazzi is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow in Political Philosophy at the University of Genoa. Before joining the University of Genoa, Michele was a doctoral student at the University of Warwick, where he obtained his PhD in Philosophy, and a Visiting Research Student at Brown University. His research interests lie at the intersection of democratic theory and political epistemology. In particular, he focuses on how the epistemic responsibilities of ordinary citizens bear on the legitimacy of public decision-making practices and, consequently, on the legitimacy of institutional orders such as democracy.


Goethe University Frankfurt

The Goethe University Frankfurt is a research-strong university in the European financial metropolis of Frankfurt. It is the third-largest university in Germany with over 48,000 students. The Institute of Political Science at Goethe University Frankfurt is the largest of its kind in Germany. It is characterized by a combination of academic pluralism and excellence in research which is unique in Germany. Freedom and justice, tolerance and participation: the researchers in the Research Center ‘Normative Orders’ are reflecting on such rights and principles in social life. How are political, legal, religious or economic orders established, and how do they change? How do structures of power crystallize in such processes of social dynamics? How are power and life chances distributed, on national and transnational levels? The topic is of high social relevance: we need to reflect on a world the orders of which are defended with power and yet are still fragile. The research of the Center focuses on current social conflicts about a fair order of society in times of globalization, as well as its long prehistory. It examines the normative ideas that play a role in such processes and conflicts, as well as how they can be criticized or justified. Above all, the fundamentals of politics and law are highlighted in the humanities and social sciences. ‘Normative Orders’ is a research network involving the following partner institutions: the Frobenius Institute (Frankfurt), the Peace Research Institute (Frankfurt), the Institute for Social Research (Frankfurt), the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law (Heidelberg), the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History (Frankfurt), and the Technische Universität Darmstadt.

Rainer Forst is Professor of Political Theory and Philosophy at the Goethe University Frankfurt, Co-Director of the Research Cluster ‘Normative Orders’ of the Centre for Advanced Studies ‘Justitia Amplificata’, as well as Director of the Leibniz Research Group ‘Transnational Justice.’ He is also Research Professor at the Berlin Social Science Center (WZB). In 2012, he received the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize of the German Research Foundation. He is a member of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities and was an associate editor of ethics for the past ten years. He is member of the Executive Editorial Committee of Political Theory and on the board of numerous international journals in his field. He is co-editor of the series Theorie und Gesellschaft as well as of Normative Orders with Campus Publishers (Frankfurt).
Publications: Rainer Forst's major publications are Contexts of Justice (Suhrkamp 1994, University of California Press 2002), Toleration in Conflict (Suhrkamp 2003, Cambridge University Press 2013), The Right to Justification (Suhrkamp 2007, Columbia University Press 2012), Justification and Critique (Suhrkamp 2011, Polity Press, 2013), The Power of Tolerance, with W. Brown (Columbia University Press 2014), Justice, Democracy and the Right to Justification (with Replies by Critics; Bloomsbury 2014), and Normativity and Power (Suhrkamp 2015, Oxford University Press 2017). His work on democracy, justice and power is being discussed in a number of recent and forthcoming books such as Amy Allen and Eduardo Mendieta (ed.), Justification and Emancipation. The Critical Theory of Rainer Forst (University Park: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2019), and Ester Herlin-Karnell and Matthias Klatt (eds.), Constitutionalism Justified. Rainer Forst in Discourse (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019).

Marcus Carlsen Häggrot is a Postdoctoral Researcher specializing in political philosophy. Previously, he has worked on minority rights theory and written about the entitlements of Roma and Traveller minorities in Western Europe. In connection with this, he got particularly interested in residence requirements and other legal conditions for voter registration and in an extension of this interest, he now researches a set of normative questions that revolve around the use of geographic constituencies in parliamentary elections.
Given his concern with constituencies and electoral systems more broadly, he brings to the REDEM project a familiarity with diverse election systems and knowledge of the normative literature on electoral systems design. At the same time, he expects that the project’s focus on the distinctive perspective of voters will enrich his work and help him think in more depth about how electoral systems and constituency plans might affect, in very distinct ways, the electoral experience of the citizens who participate in those systems.


Stockholm University

Stockholm University was founded in 1878 and has a total revenue of SEK 3.00 billion for research and education. The university is one of the world’s top 100 higher education institutions, with about 34,000 students, 1,600 doctoral students and 5,000 employees. It is the region's centre for higher education and research within science, the humanities and the social sciences. At Stockholm University teaching and research are carried out at the highest level. The University participates in regional, national and international collaboration. Several world-leading researchers worked here (amongst them 5 Nobel prizes winners). Stockholm University has a long experience in working with European programmes a on doctoral level.

Ludvig Beckman is Professor of Political Science at the Stockholm University. His research includes books and articles on various issues in democratic theory, including the right to vote of children, people with mental disabilities, irregular migrants, resident non-citizens, as well as on intergenerational justice and democracy.
Publications: Recent publications include “Popular sovereignty facing the deep state. The rule of recognition and the powers of the people”, Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy (2019); “Democratic legitimacy does not require constitutional referendum. On ‘the constitution’ in theories of constituent power”, European Constitutional Law Review (2018); “Deciding the demos: three conceptions of democratic legitimacy”, Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy (2017); “Is there a moral right to vote?”, Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, (2017), and “Legal Power and the Right to Vote: Does the Right to Vote Confer Power?”, Canadian Journal of Law & Jurisprudence, (2017).

Eva Erman is a Professor in the Department of Political Science of Stockholm University. Stockholm University is involved in the REDEM project via a research group with experience in democratic theory, with a particular focus on questions revolving around political equality and the boundary of the demos. Since 2008, she is the founder and editor-in-ehief of the journal Ethics & Global Politics (Routledge).
Publications: Eva Erman is the author of The Practical Turn in Political Theory (2018) and Human Rights and Democracy (2005), and has also published numerous articles in scholarly journals such as the British Journal of Political Science, The Journal of Politics, The Journal of Political Philosophy, Journal of Philosophical Research, Political Theory, Journal of Global Ethics, European Journal of International Relations, Review of International Studies, International Theory, and Human Rights Quarterly.


University of Bucharest

The University of Bucharest (UB) is a Romanian public university, funded in 1864, which offers a wide range of educational specializations. The University of Bucharest has over 31,000 students and over 1300 faculty. UB is an advanced research and education university in the top tier of Romanian higher education establishments, and is the first Romanian institution to be ranked within the world top 600 universities. The University of Bucharest offers study programmes towards all degree levels: there are 93 bachelor programmes, 208 master programmes and 21 doctoral programmes, all of which are accredited. The University of Bucharest also runs the TIFFIN EMBA master programme. The university is part of an extended network of international collaborations, with 300 of bilateral collaboration agreements with universities in 52 countries. Each year over 1000 students from the university participate in a variety of development or improvement activities as part of academic programmes in other universities in Western Europe, the United States, Canada, Japan etc.
The Research Institute of the University of Bucharest (ICUB) is a newly established research division of the University of Bucharest. Its mission is to promote and stimulate outstanding research in all disciplines. The institute has four departments: Exact Sciences, Social Sciences, Earth, Environmental and Life Sciences, and Humanities. The institute encourages international and interdisciplinary projects, offers grants and scholarships and is actively engaged in establishing, promoting and encouraging international collaborations among scholars, at all levels.

Alexandru Volacu is Associate Professor at the Faculty of Business and Administration (University of Bucharest), Associate Researcher at the Research Institute of the University of Bucharest, and Adjunct Professor at SNSPA Bucharest. He is also a founding member and the current Director of the Bucharest Centre for Political Theory.
Areas:Alexandru Volacu's areas of interest are in political theory - theories of justice, the ethics of voting and ideal/non-ideal theory, and in empirically-oriented approaches to political science, such as rational choice theory, behavioural economics and game theory, and their impact on electoral competition and electoral behaviour. In the area of the ethics of voting he is particularly interested in the duty to vote, in the normative constraints on voting, in the allocation of electoral rights, and in the connection between democratic legitimacy and voting.
Publications:Alexandru Volacu's book Do We Have a Duty to Vote? was published in 2019 by the European Institute in Iasi. His articles have appeared in journals such as Political Studies, Journal of Applied Philosophy, Philosophical Studies, Ethical Perspectives, Contemporary Political Theory, Journal of Philosophical Research, Philosophia, Australian Journal of Public Administration and others.

Laurenţiu Gheorghe has a PhD in Political Philosophy (2015) and holds an M.A. degree in EU Law and European Studies (2006), an M.A. in Political and Moral Philosophy (2004), a B.A. in Philosophy (2002), and B.A. in Theology (2013) from the University of Bucharest. He teaches Political Philosophy and Philosophy of Law in the Department of Philosophy of the University of Bucharest. He has been affiliated with the Centre for Research in Applied Ethics at the Department of Philosophy of the University of Bucharest as part of the „NORMEV The Emergence and Evolution of Social Norms” research project (2010-2013).

Toni Gibea has a PhD in Philosophy with a dissertation on experimental ethics. He is a member of the Research Centre in Applied Ethics of the University of Bucharest, and has been part of the project The Reliability of Moral Intuitions in the Ethical Assessment of New and Emerging Technologies (2015-2017). He is interested in moral philosophy, in particular David’s Hume moral philosophy, in game theory, intuitionism and experimental ethics.


University of Leiden

The University of Leiden is the oldest and one of the most prestigious research universities in the Netherlands. Leiden is well-reputed for its interdisciplinary dimension and for its international character. The university is divided into 7 faculties that together coordinate approximately 50 undergraduate degree programs and over 100 graduate programs. The University of Leiden enrols over 29,000 students of 120 different nationalities, manages 75 master’s programmes and 420 PhDs.
The Faculty of Governance and Global Affairs (FGGA) is one of the 7 faculties of the university. FGGA comprises The Institute of Public Administration, the Institute of Security and Global Affairs, Leiden University College The Hague, the Centre for Modern Urban Studies and the Dual PhD Centre. The Faculty consists of 5 chairs: European Governance, International Governance, Public Sector Management, Comparative Public Sector Reform, and Public Affairs & Public Policy. The FGGA is deeply committed to its collaboration with various governmental institutions in the Hague, as well as other international organizations. This provides the FGGA with substantial visibility in the political and policy-making arenas, both at national (Dutch) level, and at European level.

Andrei Poama is an Assistant Professor affiliated with the Faculty of Governance and Global Affairs, specialising in political philosophy and public policy ethics. He is also Co-Director of the Leiden Centre for Public Values and Ethics and member of the Centre for Political Philosophy. He held previous assignments with the Centre de Recherche en Ethique (Montreal) and the European University Institute, and he currently is an editor of Raisons Politiques.
Areas: Andrei previously worked on felon disenfranchisement and on compulsory criminal voting as a sanction for anti-democratic criminal offenses, and is now interested in questions of disenfranchisement that are age-based (most notably, senior citizens), as in questions that touch on the morality of referenda.
Publications:Andrei recently co-edited the Routledge Handbook of Ethics and Public Policy (with Annabelle Lever). His articles appeared in American Political Science Review, Swiss Political Science Review, European Journal of Political Theory, Criminal Law and Philosophy, Public Reason, British Journal of Criminology, Raisons Politiques, and Studia Politica.


University of Geneva

The University of Geneva (est. 1559) is the second largest in Switzerland with over 17,000 students of approximately 150 nationalities. It is considered one of the three leading generalist French-speaking universities in the world. It enjoys international renown and is consistently ranked among the top 1% out of 20,000 universities. UNIGE is currently involved in over 200 European projects. It offers top-level research infrastructure to a teaching and research staff from over 100 different nationalities.
The University’s Faculté des sciences de la société (official denomination in English : Geneva School of Social Sciences) is a community of researchers from multiple fields such as sociology, political science, geography and political economics, and deals with areas of expertise such as social economic history, gender studies, communication, socioeconomics, territorial development, the analysis of political and social institutions, life course and social vulnerability studies, international relations and citizenship studies. Within the Faculty, the Department of Political Science and International Relations is not only the oldest (est. 1969) but also the largest political science department in Switzerland, with 15 professors and more than 60 researchers, covering the whole range of subjects associated with contemporary political science: polity (political institutions, political system, State, international system), politics (power, parties, social movements, public opinion, negotiations, conflict), and policies (economic policy, environmental policy, social policy).

Nenad Stojanović is a Swiss National Science Funds Professor of Political Science at the University of Geneva. Working at the intersection of political theory and comparative politics, his main domain of research is democracy in multicultural societies. He currently directs the SNSF project “A non-populist theory of direct democracy” and conducts pilots in the domain of democratic innovations, involving sortition, deliberation and direct democracy (see the Demoscan project). He has also worked on a project on “electoral discriminations”, i.e. when voters discriminate against minority candidates.
Publications: His recent publications appeared in journals such as Political Behaviour, Journal of Common Market Studies, International Political Science Review, and European Political Science Review.

Jonas Pontusson is Professor of Comparative Politics at the University of Geneva. Prior to moving to Geneva in 2010, he taught at Cornell University (1984-2005) and Princeton University (2005-10). He has been a visiting scholar at Nuffield College (Oxford), the Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study in Social Sciences (Uppsala), the Russell Sage Foundation (New York), Sciences Po (Paris), the Hertie School of Governance (Berlin) and the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (Paris).
Areas: Jonas has a long-standing interest in the comparative politics of inequality and redistribution, with an emphasis on labour-market dynamics and the role of trade unions. Since September, 2017, he directs Unequal Democracies, a research program funded by the European Research Council, exploring how citizens in advanced capitalist countries have responded to rising income inequality and how inequality affects government responsiveness to different categories of citizens.

Emanuela Ceva is Professor of Political Theory at the University of Geneva with a consolidated track-record of research on themes of justice, democracy, and institutional theory. Prior to joining Geneva, she was Associate Professor of Political Philosophy at the University of Pavia. In 2018, she was awarded a Fulbright Research Scholarship in Philosophy. She has directed several European research projects, such as “EuroEthos - Exploring the Scope for a Shared European Pluralistic Ethos” (FP6, 2007-2008) and “RESPECT – Towards a ‘Topography’ of Tolerance and Equal Respect” (FP7, 2010-2011).
Areas: Emanuela's recent publications appeared in journals such as Social Philosophy and Policy, Journal of Political Philosophy, European Journal of Philosophy, and Journal of Applied Philosophy.

Sandra Lavenex is Professor of European and International Politics at the University of Geneva and Visiting Professor at the College of Europe. She has developed a research portfolio on democratic governance in the international realm, including the EU, EU relations with neighboring countries, and international institutions more widely, such as classic intergovernmental organizations but also transgovernmental networks. This research agenda has been developed within the NCCR “Challenges to Democracy in the 21st Century” project (SNSF, 2005-2017).
Publications: Her recent publications appeared in journals such as Comparative European Politics, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Journal of European Public Policy, and Democratization.


Pompeu Fabra University

Pompeu Fabra University is a public, international and research-intensive university created in 1990 that has earned a place for itself among the best universities in Europe. Awarded with a CEI label (International Excellence Campus) by the Spanish Ministry of Education, the University also figures in some of the most influential rankings. Times Higher Education (THE, 2018) ranks UPF as the 1st university in Spain, 60th in Europe and 140th worldwide. UPF ranks 1st in Spain and among the first 20 universities in Europe in terms of grants awarded by the European Research Council.
The Law & Philosophy research group was founded in 1990 and promotes research in legal philosophy, moral philosophy, political philosophy and ethics, and global constitutionalism and global justice. The group aims to provide philosophically useful reflection for contemporary democratic societies. The group has been awarded research funding by the Catalan Government, the Spanish Ministry of Education, and the European Commission. Thanks to the CONSOLIDER-Ingenio research project PERSP – Philosophy of Perspectival Thoughts and Facts, the group is part of a network which includes the LOGOS Group, based at the Universities of Barcelona and Girona, the GRECC at the Autonomous University of Barcelona, the Applied Philosophy Group at the University of Valencia, and other international collaborations. The Law & Philosophy research group develops a wide range of activities that promote knowledge transfer between researchers and professionals, institutions and the media.

José Luis Martí is Vice-rector of Innovation and Associate Professor of Legal and Political Philosophy at Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona. He has been Lawrence Rockefeller visiting fellow at the University Center for Human Values (Princeton University, 2008-2009) and visiting professor at the University of Richmond (2014). He is now collaborating with the GovLab’s CrowdLaw project, exploring the concept that citizen engagement can not only enhance democratic legitimacy, but also significantly improve the quality of public decision-making when organized in a way that allows collective intelligence to emerge and to strengthen the process.
Areas: José Luis does research on republicanism, global governance, and democratic theory, particularly on deliberative democracy, participatory democracy, and collective intelligence. He is very much interested in studying transnational citizen engagement and participation (for instance, at the EU level) and also in the interconnection between the electoral system and the institutional mechanisms of participation, on the one hand, and the wider public deliberation and social movements that take place in the informal public sphere, especially in the role that new technologies may play to enhance such interconnection.
Publications: José Luis has published numerous articles and several books, including La República Deliberativa (Marcial Pons, 2006), Deliberative Democracy and Its Discontents, co-edited with Samantha Besson (Ashgate, 2006), Legal Republicanism, also co-edited with Samantha Besson (Oxford University Press, 2009), and A Political Philosophy in Public Life, co-authored with Philip Pettit (Princeton University Press, 2010).


Institute for Public Policy Research

The Institute for Public Policy Research is a registered charity and the United Kingdom’s pre-eminent progressive think tank. Their aims include the promotion research in economic, social and political sciences as well as the education of the public in these fields; the advancement of the voluntary sector and the efficiency of public services; relieving poverty, unemployment or those in need due to social disadvantages; as well as the advancement of sustainable development. IPPR has published numerous reports since its inception in 1988, which have had considerable impact on policy at national and local level. The IPPR currently publishes fifty reports each year, on topics including economic policy, energy, transport, climate change, families, work, migration, integration, communities, democracy, devolution and public services. The think tank won the prestigious Prospect Think Tank of the Year award in 2001 as well as 2007 (becoming the first repeat winner of said award). The IPPR has two subsidiaries: IPPR North, which focuses on the north of England with bases in Manchester and Newcastle, and IPPR Scotland, which was formed after the Independence Referendum in 2014 and the transfer of new powers to the Scottish Parliament.

Carys Roberts is the Executive Director of the Institute for Public Policy Research, the UK’s leading progressive think tank, after previously leading its Centre for Economic Justice. She is also Editor of the think tank’s journal of politics and ideas, IPPR Progressive Review, for which she commissions pieces from academics, journalists and researchers on policy, political theory and democratic institutions. Prior to working at IPPR, Carys worked at the Royal Society of Arts, the Institute for Fiscal Studies, the Social Mobility Foundation and the University of Oxford’s Blavatnik School of Government.
Areas: Her economic research focuses on how policy can create an economy that is both prosperous and just, with a focus on wealth inequality, automation, the digital economy and gender. She has recently led a series of nationwide events and assemblies on economic justice, modelled on principles of deliberative democracy.
Publications: Carys has previously published research looking at gender representation at the local government level, in the UK and internationally, including Power to the People: Tackling the Gender Imbalance in Combined Authorities and Local Government and Gender Balance of Power: Women's Representation in Regional and Local Government in the UK and Germany.